Convictions rates for war crimes at Bosnia's Republika Srpska and Federation entity courts were slightly reduced, but the rate of convictions at the State level Court has dropped to 39 percent, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Mission to Bosnia said presenting their report on Monday.
During 2018, the Bosnian judiciary completed only 50 cases against 82 persons indicted of war crimes. The conviction rate before the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina has been in a sharp decline since 2016, questioning the quality of investigations and indictments by the State Prosecution,” the OSCE Mission said presenting the “Management of war crimes cases in proceedings before the Prosecutor's Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina” report.
The report contains observations regarding war crimes cases before the State Prosecution and recommendations to relevant actors.
The report said it is worrying that the average rate of final convictions has dropped, drastically.
Despite the fact that conviction rates in the Federation and Republika Srpska entity courts dropped only slightly, the conviction rate in the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina has dropped to 39 percent, the report said.
After the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement which ended the 992-1995 war in Bosnia, the country was sub-divided into two semi-autonomous entities, the Bosniak-Croat dominated Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Serb-dominated Republika Srpska – both of which have their own courts capable of prosecuting war crimes.
Bosnia also has a State Court which deals with the most serious and biggest crimes including war crimes.